Probability of arrest based on sex: A longitudinal analysis of simple assault, aggravated assault, and robbery from 1996-2010
Clemons, Katie Lynn
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It is clear that statistics show vast differences in arrest rates between males and females for criminal behavior, with the most drastic differences found among violent offenses. However, the extent to which sex impacts the likelihood of arrest has proven much more difficult to establish, making the "true" size of the gender gap more elusive. Furthermore, if there is an influence of sex on the likelihood of arrest, whether that relationship has been consistent or if it has changed over time has gone unexamined. This study takes a longitudinal approach to examine the relationship between sex and arrest likelihood, as well as the influence of the relationship of race, co-offending, and various contextual factors. To analyze these relationships data from the National Incident Based Reporting System from 1996-2010 for simple assault, aggravated assault, and robbery were utilized. Results show gender similarity in arrest likelihood for simple assault and aggravated assault, but a higher likelihood of arrest for females for robbery. These findings refute the commonly held belief of chivalry accorded to female offenders.