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From open to closed canopy: a century of change in a Douglas-fir forest, Orcas Island, Washington
(WSU Press, 2001)
During the past century, forest structure on south-facing slopes of Mount Constitution, Orcas Island, Washington, USA, has changed from open-grown Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) mixed with prairie to primarily closed ...
Historical trends in willow cover along streams in a Southwestern Montana cattle allotment
(WSU Press, 2002)
Concern over the apparent scarcity of tall willows [Salix sp.] prompted changes in livestock grazing management in a southwestern Montana mountain valley to avoid degradation of riparian and aquatic habitats. We assessed ...