POSTTRAUMATIC GROWTH IN CHICANA/LATINA SURVIVORS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT
Barrios, Bianca Yessenia
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There is a growing area of research that seeks to expand the understanding of survivors’ experiences after trauma. Adding to the comprehensive literature on the distress one endures, the evolving area has focused on the concurrent personal growth that can result from struggling with trauma (Calhoun & Tedeschi, 1999; Tedeschi & Calhoun, 2004). The Posttraumatic Growth Inventory was developed to quantitatively measure the potential growth after trauma (Tedeschi & Calhoun, 1996). This study sought to explore the applicability of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory with Chicana/Latina survivors of sexual assault as well as explore the relationship between contextual and cultural factors with posttraumatic growth in a sample of 434 Chicana/Latina survivors of sexual assault. Results indicated that the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI) was a valid measure for Chicana/Latina survivors of sexual assault and yielded an acceptable fit to the five-factor model. There were significant differences in means scores for posttraumatic growth between women that were assaulted as children only, adults only, and as children and adults. Findings also revealed that greater adherence to Latinx values was related to greater posttraumatic growth, perception of new possibilities, personal strength, spiritual change, and appreciation of life. Enculturation to Latinx values also resulted as a predictor of posttraumatic growth and four out of five of PTGIs factors.