Timeless traditions : council circles in a modern world
Councils, or talking circles, have long been valued by indigenous cultures as the practice for building community and consensus, making decisions, and recognizing the significance of relationships. A Council Circle is a formalized structure of communication that has many modern progeny, including classroom management strategies, civil dialogue forums, and therapy. Frequently, non-indigenous Council Circles in North America pay homage to the tribal origins of the practice. Several native tribes continue to teach and provide insight into these forms of communication and governance. This paper (the first of a series) will briefly highlight the differences between Eurocentric and indigenous communication and then provide experienced facilitators with some of the traditional structures inherent in circles. Resources are identified in the cited references.