Adolescents as a Vulnerable Population for Obesity, Cardiovascular Disease, and Type 2 Diabetes
Wilson, Colette A.
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Obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular disease are significant health problems for Americans and are reaching epidemic proportions. These health problems have a major impact not only on the health of Americans, but also take a huge toll on the financial resources of the nation. Research reporting effective interventions for vulnerable populations, such as adolescents, are lacking. Multiple factors contribute to obesity and increase the risk of associated diseases, but a major factor is lifestyle choices. These life-changing decisions are reached during the adolescent years. Utilizing Bronfenbrenner's Ecologic Theory of Development to intervene in adolescent health would benefit both individuals and the community. This crucial period in life is a prime time for lifestyle teaching interventions that focus on preventing obesity, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes.