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dc.contributor.advisorCollins, Gary S.
dc.creatorBevington, John Paul
dc.date.accessioned2012-10-23T19:44:06Z
dc.date.available2012-10-23T19:44:06Z
dc.date.issued2012-05
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2376/4189
dc.descriptionThis report constitutes the PhD dissertation of John Paul Bevington, defended April 12, 2011. The research described herein was supported in part by the National Science Foundation under grants DMR 05-04843 and 09-04096 (Metals Program).en_US
dc.description.abstractSite preferences of 111In/Cd impurity probe atoms were studied as a function of composition in Al3Ni and as a function of temperature in Al3Ti and Al3Zr structures using perturbed angular correlation of gamma rays (PAC). Spectra for Ni-rich Al3Ni exhibit a prominent quadrupole interaction (QI) signal attributed to one of two Al-sites. For Nipoor samples, spectra exhibited an ill-defined QI attributed to probes located in grain boundaries. Al3Ti and Al3Zr structures have one TM-site and several-Al sites. At low temperature, probes were determined to occupy an Al-site that has the same local atomic coordination. At higher temperature, probes were observed to transfer partially to other Al-sites. Enthalpy differences of indium solutes at the different sites were determined from equilibrium measurements of ratios of site-fractions as a function of temperature. To provide additional insight, energies of In-solutes and electric field gradients (EFG) at nuclei of daughter 111Cd-solutes were calculated using density functional theory (DFT). It was found for all systems that EFG calculations were not adequate to unambiguously identify the sites occupied. However, site-energy calculations helped to identify the sites occupied in all systems studied. Calculated site-energy differences are in good agreement with measurements. In separate work, jump frequencies of probes were earlier measured at high temperature using PAC for In3R (R = rare-earth) having the L12 structure [Phys. Rev. Lett., 102, 2009]. In that work, comparison of measurements made for samples that were In-rich and In-poor led to the conclusion that the dominant diffusion mechanism involves R-vacancies in light lanthanide-indides (such as In3La) and In-vacancies in heavy lanthanide-indides (such as In3Lu). DFT calculations were carried out to determine whether the observations could be explained by gradual changes in energies of In- and R-vacancies along the In3R series. Instead, calculations showed the opposite behavior: More In-vacancies in In3La and more R-vacancies in In3Lu. This unexpected result indicates that other factors control diffusion behavior, such as differences in migration enthalpies leading to large changes in jump frequencies.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNational Science Foundation; Hyperfine Interactions Group, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Washington State Universityen_US
dc.languageEnglish
dc.relation.ispartofseriesNational Science Foundation Grant DMR 09-04096 Metals Program Technical Report;1
dc.rightsIn copyright
dc.rightsPublicly accessible
dc.rightsopenAccess
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.rights.urihttp://www.ndltd.org/standards/metadata
dc.rights.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/OpenAccess
dc.subjectPerturbed Angular Correlation PAC
dc.subjectatomic jump frequencies
dc.subjectdensity functional theory DFT
dc.subjectelectric field gradients EFG
dc.subjectenthalpy
dc.subjectdiffusion behavior
dc.titleLattice locations and diffusion in intermetallic compounds explored through PAC measurements and DFT calculations
dc.typeElectronic Thesis or Dissertation


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