"THERE IS NO DEVELOPMENT HERE": SOCIAL POWER AND THE SHAPING OF A SOUTHERN ZAMBIAN COMMUNITY
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Scale and power theory suggests that growth is an elite directed process that differentially benefits those who are already well-off. The present research is designed to explore the limits of scale theory by analyzing the development process in a well-studied region of rural Zambia. Research conducted among the Gwembe Tonga in the area of Nkandanzovu shows that an individual's ability to influence the development process or even knowledge of existing developmental structure, i.e. the organizations working in a community may be correlated with social power, social standing, ability to access networks, and wealth. In order to illustrate this, three issues are examined: first, how the Gwembe Tonga conceptualize development; second, what the Tonga feel is needed at the village and household level; and third if the ability to effectively access development opportunities is linked to social power in the village structure.