Disrupted Sleep and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Tool for the Advanced Registered Nurse Practitioner
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The purpose of this paper is to review the literature for effective interventions to improve sleep in children and adolescents with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The advanced registered nurse practitioner can use these findings as a tool to improve treatment outcomes. The findings reveal a thorough assessment should both rule out sleep disorders and identify psychosocial factors that may disrupt sleep in children and adolescents. Pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions to treat disrupted sleep are also discussed. These findings are then applied to a case study and the theoretical framework of the paper. The case study provides an example of a nine-year-old boy with ADHD suffering disrupted sleep. The theoretical framework for this paper comes from the Theory of Planned Behavior. This is a theory of social psychology that helps explain why children and adolescents with ADHD suffer disrupted sleep.