The relationship between gender role conflict and self and other awareness in male counselors treating men.
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This study assessed the relationship between self and other awareness as defined in the Integrated Development Model of Supervision (IDM) and gender role conflict in male counselors treating male clients. Participants included male counseling and clinical psychologists and trainees (N=93) recruited from academic programs and training sites. Participants were randomly assigned to one of two conditions where they read a case summary involving a fictional traditional or non-traditional male client. Afterward participants rated their reactions to the case summary utilizing the Client Rating Scale (CCS), the Gender Role Conflict Scale (GRCS), and the Supervisee Level Questionnaire- Revised (SLQ-R). Results indicated that counselors endorsed significantly greater comfort in working with the non-traditional male client. The restrictive emotionality subscale of the GRCS produced a small, significant effect size when regressed on client comfort scores. The inter-variable correlation matrix demonstrated several significant relationships in theoretically congruent directions with small to moderate effect sizes. Contrary to hypotheses, no moderation effects were observed among variables. Finally, the SLQ-R proved to be a stronger predictor of client comfort scores than mere estimated quantity of previous male clients.