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dc.creatorLawrence, Diana M.
dc.creatorKemp, Brian M.
dc.creatorEshleman, Jason
dc.creatorJantz, Richard L.
dc.creatorSnow, Meradeth
dc.creatorGeorge, Debra
dc.creatorSmith, David Glenn
dc.descriptionThis is an article accepted for publication in Human Biology, volume 82, 2010, following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version is available from Wayne State University Press.
dc.description.abstractMitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) was extracted from skeletal remains excavated from three Arikara sites in South Dakota occupied between AD 1600 and 1832. The diagnostic markers of four mtDNA haplogroups to which most Native Americans belong (A, B, C, and D) were successfully identified in the extracts of 55 (87%) of the 63 samples studied. The frequencies of the four haplogroups were 42%, 29%, 22%, and 7%, respectively, and principal coordinates analysis and Fisher’s exact tests were conducted to compare these haplogroup frequencies with those from other populations. Both analyses showed closer similarity among the Mohawk, Arikara, and Sioux populations than between any of these three and any other of the comparison populations. Portions of the first hypervariable segment (HVSI) of the mitochondrial genome were successfully amplified and sequenced for 42 of these 55 samples, and haplotype networks were constructed for two of the four haplogroups. The sharing of highly derived lineages suggests that some recent admixture of the Arikara with Algonquian-speaking and Siouanspeaking groups has occurred. The Arikara shared more ancient lineages with both Siouan and Cherokee populations than with any other population, consistent with the Macro-Siouan language hypothesis that Iroquoian, Siouan, and Caddoan languages share a relatively recent common ancestry.en_US
dc.publisherHuman Biologyen_US
dc.rightsIn copyright
dc.subjectHuman Population Genetics -- South Dakota
dc.subjectSiouan Languages -- South Dakota
dc.subjectArikara Indians -- South Dakota -- Origin
dc.titleMitochondrial DNA of Protohistoric Remains of an Arikara Population from South Dakota (USA): Implications for the Macro-Siouan Language Hypothesis
dc.description.citation2010.� Lawrence DM, Kemp BM, Eshleman J, Jantz RL, Snow M, George D, and Smith DG. Mitochondrial DNA of Protohistoric Remains of an Arikara Population from South Dakota (USA): Implications for the Macro-Siouan Language Hypothesis. Human Biology 82:157-178. doi: 10.3378/027.082.0203.

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  • Kemp, Brian M.
    This collection features scholarly work by Brian M. Kemp, associate professor in the anthropology department at Washington State University.

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