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Arabidopsis Arogenate Dehydratases: Influence on Aromatic Amino Acid and Downstream Phenylpropanoid Biosynthesis
Arogenate dehydratases (ADTs) perform the final step of phenylalanine (Phe) biosynthesis in plants. As one of twenty protein-coding amino acids, Phe is essential in all living organisms, and in plants it is also a precursor ...
CHARACTERIZATION OF MITOCHONDRIAL AND CYTOSOLIC SERINE HYDROXYMETHYLTRANSFERASES
As a folate-dependent enzyme, serine hydroxymethyltransferase (SHMT) catalyzes the reversible conversion of L-serine and (6S)-H4PteGlun (tetrahydrofolate, THF) to glycine and (6S)-5,10-CH2-H4PteGlun. The glycine-forming ...
Development, Optimization and Validation of Targeted and Global Metabolite Profiling Strategies for Probing Plant Metabolism
Metabolomics is the attempt to comprehensibly identify and quantify all metabolites in a cell, tissue or organism, which is a tremendous challengedue to the enormous chemical diversity found in living systems, particularly ...
Identifying Regulatory Components of Phytosterol Biosynthesis in the Genomics Era
The biosynthesis of sterol molecules is both ubiquitous and essential in the eukaryotic lineage. Despite our advanced knowledge of the structural genes and enzymes involved in phytosterol biosynthesis in Arabidopsis thaliana, ...
Understanding the Physiological Significance of Ureide Transport Processes in Soybean (
The ureides allantoin and allantoic acid are the major long-distance forms of nitrogen (N) in nodulated tropical legumes like French bean (
Investigating the Electron Transfer Systems of the Endoplasmic Reticulum Membrane in Plants
Within the endoplasmic reticulum membrane there are two electron transfer systems (ETS): NADPH:cytochrome P450 reductase (ATR) transfers electrons to cytochrome P450 monooxygenases and NADH:cytochrome b5 reductase (CBR1) ...