Late Pueblo II and Pueblo III Cliff Dwellings and Community Patterns in the Grand Gulch, Southeastern Utah
Bedell, Melanie Lynne
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The study area, a 6.5 km segment of Grand Gulch, includes 24 well-preserved late Pueblo II-Pueblo III period (ca. A.D. 1060-1270) cliff dwellings. I use a spatial and functional analysis of the cliff dwellings and their structures to infer social organization and social integration. From analysis of room function, I distinguished three site types: multiple household habitations, single household habitations, and isolated storage structures. Architectural details, tree-ring dates and wall construction techniques are used to interpret the sequence of construction for each cliff dwelling in the study area and to establish contemporaneity between the sites.Late Pueblo II structures were dismantled and incorporated into small multiple household habitations and single household habitations representing part of a dispersed mid-thirteenth century community. Great Kivas or large facilities that could have served to integrate the small residential population are absent. Dispersed dwellings suggest some degree of household autonomy. Functional classification of the architectural spaces indicates little interhousehold cooperation and dependency even in multiple household habitations.